A neurological illness known as sensory processing disorder (SPD) affects the brain’s capacity to process and respond to information from the senses. A kid with SPD has trouble processing and responding to the sensory information he or she receives from sounds, visuals, movement, touch, smell, and taste.

Eight major categories serve as the standard divisions of sensory processing. They may consist of:

  • Proprioception:

The “internal” awareness you have of your body is known as proprioception. You can maintain posture and motor control, for instance, thanks to it. Additionally, it describes your movements and how you take up space.

  • Vestibular:

This phrase describes the inner ear’s spatial perception. It keeps you coordinated and centred.

This is how you feel what’s going on inside your body. It would be best to think of it as “how you feel.” This includes your body’s temperature and your ability to feel emotions.

  • 5 senses.

The five senses of touch, hearing, taste, smell, and sight make up the final group.

Any sort of disturbance in these dimensions can lead to sensory processing disorder.


It could make it difficult to employ gross motor skills, which could result in sloppy walking or frequent stumbling. Additionally, it might make it difficult to write, cut, paint, and perform other fine motor tasks. Frequently, it creates tactile hypersensitivity to smell, taste, and textures. The origins of SPD remain unknown.

A kid may be at risk due to a number of extrinsic circumstances, including maternal impoverishment, premature birth, prenatal starvation, and early institutional care, even if the illness may be inherited.

Children that have sensory processing disorder symptoms are astonishingly either over or less  attentive to their surroundings.

That is, individuals either appear unaffected and under-stimulated by the sights, sounds, and odours of the outside world, or they shun loud noises and pungent scents. Sensory Processing Disorder in Children’s Symptoms.

The majority of us have five senses from birth that we rely on to comprehend, respond to, and live happily in the world: sight, hearing, taste, feeling, and smell. However, for certain people, the way their brains process sensory information results in discomfort, anguish, and confusion.

The way a youngster interprets various sensations might influence the symptoms of sensory processing disorders.

  • Hypersensitivity may be present in young children who are readily stimulated. This indicates that their sensitivity to sensory inputs including light, sound, and touch has grown. If there is too much sensory information present, these experiences could make them feel more uncomfortable, lose focus, or act out.
  • Hyposensitivity may also affect children. This means they may have diminished sensitivity to sensory output.

Sensory sensitivity may result in:

  • a low threshold for discomfort
  • looking clumsy
  • without thinking about their safety
  • shielding ears or eyes a lot
  • eating foods of particular textures with gagging or having finicky food preferences
  • avoiding hugs or unexpected touches
  • considering mild touches to be overly harsh
  • difficulties managing their feelings
  • difficulties focusing attention
  • difficult to respond to changes
  • behavioural issues

Hyposensitivity may cause:

  • a high pain threshold touching things and
  • stumbling into walls
  • giving bear hugs and
  • placing items in their mouth
  • slamming into objects or other people without concern for personal space,
  • wobbling, and rockingre


There’s no standard treatment for sensory processing issues. However, doctors or therapists help children to handle problems processing sensory information. They observe the child’s behaviours and interactions and determine the best possible treatment outcome to support them.

Occupational therapy:

An occupational therapist helps a youngster who typically avoids activities because of sensory difficulties learn how to do them or practise them.

Physical Therapy

A sensory diet regimen that is specifically created to state the demand for sensory input is developed with the assistance of a physical therapist.

Therapy for Sensory Integration

This strategy might teach kids how to react appropriately to their senses.

The therapy varies according the level of disorder, however, sensory integration therapy is a common treatment strategy used by Dr R K Suri, Mentor TalktoAngel.

Sensory integration therapy is been found to be very effective in the treatment of paediatric sensory processing disorder.

The idea behind SI therapy is that specific movement activities, resistive body work, and even brushing of the skin can help a child with sensory problems experience an optimal level of arousal and regulation. You may seek face to face consultation with Dr R K Suri, best clinical psychologist Dwarka Delhi.

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